Vol. 14    Issue 02   01 - 31 July 2019
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The Legacy of Islamic Civilization in Africa

Professor A. R. MOMIN

Eurocentrism, which connotes a deeply entrenched belief in the supremacy of Western civilization, is a pervasive feature of much of Western intellectual tradition and cultural consciousness. It is conspicuously reflected in the Western view of civilization and modernity, in the historiography of science and technology, medicine and art and in the history of ideas.   Read more

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Turkey’s Largest Mosque Opened for Worshippers

Turkey’s landscape and skyline are dotted with beautiful mosques. There are an estimared 82,693 mosques in the country, and the highest number – 3,113 – is to be found in Istanbul. One of the remarkable achievements of the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) is the revival of Turkey’s Ottoman heritage, including the repair, reconstruction and construction of mosques in the Ottoman-Seljuk architectural style, the repair and restoration of Ottoan-era monuments, including hospitals, caravanserais and bridges, and the revival and promotion of Arabic-Ottoman calligraphy.   Read more

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Omar Khayyam

Professor A. R. MOMIN



The 971st birth anniversary of Omar Khayyam, the celebrated Persian mathematician, astronomer and poet, was remembered with a Google Doodle on 18 May 2019.

The period between the decline of the Greco-Roman civilization and the Renaissance, which spans nearly 1000 years, is generally described as the Dark Ages in European history, in which no note-worthy developments in science, medicine and technology took place. Interestingly, this period roughly coincides with the Golden Age of Islamic science.

During the Golden Age of Islamic science, between the 9th and 16th centuries, Muslim scientists made original, wide-ranging and pioneering contributions to science, medicine and technology, including botany, chemistry, medicine and surgery, optics, anatomy, astronomy, mathematics, technology and geography. There is now a substantial, and growing, literature on the subject in English, German, French, Spanish and other European languages as well as in Arabic, Turkish and Persian. Muslim scientists placed a great deal of emphasis on the careful observation of natural phenomenon, on an objective, dispassionate evaluation of every piece of scientific knowledge and, above all, on the confirmation of conclusions through the scientific method. Wiedemann categorically states that the credit for inventing the experimental method in science should go to Muslim scientists, such as Ibn al-Haytham, Al-Razi, Ibn Zuhr and Albiruni.   Read more

Mawlana Habib al-Rahman al-A'zami

A Colossus of Hadith Studies


Professor A. R. MOMIN

Mawlana Habib al-Rahman al-A'zami was born in 1319 A.H. (101 CE) in the small town of Maunath Bhanjan in the Azamgarh district of what now constitutes the state of Uttar Pradesh in the Indian Union. His father, Mawlana Muhammad Sabir (d.1365 A.H.) was a man of learning and piety. Mawlana Habib al-Rahman acquired his early education in his hometown and showed signs of exceptional brilliance from an early age. Mawlana Sabir took special interest in the education of his gifted child and put him under the care of a renowned local scholar, Mawlana 'Abd al-Ghaffar (d.1341 A.H.), who was a pupil of the celebrated scholar Mawlana Rashid Ahmad Gangohi (d.1323 A.H.).   Read more

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Dar al-Islam and Dar al-Harb: The Views of Shaykh Habib al-Rahman al-Azami

Professor A. R. MOMIN

INTRODUCTION
In classical Islamic legal terminology, Dar al-Islam (Realm of Islam) refers to an Islamic state or territory which is under the control of a Muslim ruler and where the prescriptions of Islamic Shariah are in force. The term Dar al-Harb (Realm of War), on the other hand, is applied to a territory that is under the domination and control of a non-Muslim ruler, where the life, honour and religious freedom of Muslim inhabitants are not protected by the state. The term Dar al-Harb is also used to refer to territories that were once under the control of Muslims but were later conquered by non-Muslims.   Read more

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GIRISH KARNAD

Writer and Playwright with a Conscience

Minaret Research Network

Girish Karnad, 81, India’s well-known playwright, writer, actor and public intellectual, passed away in Bangalore on 10 June 2019.

Karnad was one of the most prominent theatre personalities in the 1960s and 1970s. His plays, written in Kannada and translated into English, reflected a creative and ingenious synthesis of themes and motifs derived from mythology and history and modern sensibilities.   Read more

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