Vol. 13    Issue 1   16 - 31 May 2018
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Professor A. R. MOMIN

The Iberian Peninsula in south-western Europe was inhabited in the past by Celtic peoples, followed by the Romans who dominated the region for nearly seven centuries. The Visigoth, converted to Christianity in the beginning of the 5th century, invaded Greece and Italy and finally settled in the Iberian Peninsula. They ruled much of Spain until they were defeated by Muslims in 711 AD. Tariq ibn Ziyad, the Berber commandant of Musa ibn Nusayr, with 7,000 soldiers, scored a decisive victory over the Visigoth ruler Roderic in July 711.   Read more


Professor A. R. MOMIN

Mastermind of Timbuktu’s Vandalism Indicted by ICC

Mali is a landlocked country in Western Africa, with an approximate population of 14.5 million. The population is divided into several ethnic groups, of which the Bambara are the largest. Other ethnic groups include the Fulani, Berbers, Tuareg, Sonike and Songhai. More than 90 per cent of the people live in the southern part of the country. In the northern part, Mali’s plains stretch into the Sahara. Agriculture and fishing form the mainstay of the economy. About half the population lives below the international poverty line of $1.25 a day. More than 90 per cent of the population follows Sunni Islam. Mali’s social and cultural life has been heavily coloured by the Sufi tradition. The Qadiriyah and Tijaniya Sufi orders have been particularly influential in the country and in much of Western Africa.   Read more


Professor A. R. MOMIN

The ritual of fasting on certain days or for extended periods of time has existed in many parts of the world since ancient times. The motives for fasting differ from society to society and include cleansing of the body, restoration of energy, penitence and spiritual purification.   Read more


Ilan Pappe: Palestinians don't need US for their statehood

It is clear the US never had Palestinian interests in mind and they can now move on, prominent Israeli historian says.

by Ali Younes

Doha, Qatar - Prominent Israeli historian Ilan Pappe says US President Donald Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital has shown the Palestinians that Washington has no interest in helping them achieve statehood.   Read more


How long after this week’s Gaza massacre are we going to continue pretending that the Palestinians are non-people?

Robert Fisk

Monstrous. Frightful. Wicked. It’s strange how the words just run out in the Middle East today. Sixty Palestinians dead. In one day. Two-thousand-four-hundred wounded, more than half by live fire. In one day. The figures are an outrage, a turning away from morality, a disgrace for any army to create.   Read more

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