Vol. 13    Issue 2   01 - 15 June 2018
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Minaret Research Network

Islam was introduced to the region today known as Malaysia by Arab and Indian traders in the 13th century. As the new faith gathered more and more adherents and as it spread to larger areas, a number of Muslim sultanates came to be established. The most prominent of them was the Sultanate of Malacca. The Portuguese captured Malacca in 1511. The Malay Kingdom, from which Malaysia arose, became a part of the British Empire in the 18th century. The colonial rulers were lured by Malaysia’s tin and gold mines. In the course of time they successfully experimented with tropical plantation crops such as tapioca, gambier, pepper and coffee. In 1877 they brought rubber saplings from Brazil and rubber soon became Malaysia’s staple export to Europe. The plantations required a large labout force. The colonial rulers imported indentured labour from southern India and southern China to work on plantations and farms.   Read more



Professor A. R. MOMIN

The Iberian Peninsula in south-western Europe was inhabited in the past by Celtic peoples, followed by the Romans who dominated the region for nearly seven centuries. The Visigoth, converted to Christianity in the beginning of the 5th century, invaded Greece and Italy and finally settled in the Iberian Peninsula. They ruled much of Spain until they were defeated by Muslims in 711 AD. Tariq ibn Ziyad, the Berber commandant of Musa ibn Nusayr, with 7,000 soldiers, scored a decisive victory over the Visigoth ruler Roderic in July 711.   Read more

Ramadan in a Globalising World

Professor A. R. MOMIN

Globalization is a metaphor for the increasing interconnectedness of the world. It refers to a broad spectrum of processes in the contemporary world, including large-scale international migrations, the rapid growth and impact of modern information and communication technologies, the unprecedented flow and movement of capital, technology, goods and services, peoples, ideas, lifestyles and cultural symbols, the global intertwining of communication, production and consumption, the rise of supranational frames of power and international relations, the increasing porousness and fluidity of national borders, and transnational diasporas.   Read more



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Professor A. R. MOMIN

The ritual of fasting on certain days or for extended periods of time has existed in many parts of the world since ancient times. The motives for fasting differ from society to society and include cleansing of the body, restoration of energy, penitence and spiritual purification.   Read more

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