Vol. 14    Issue 05   01 - 31 October 2019
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The Muslims of Romania

Professor A. R. MOMIN

Romania is located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe. It has a population of over 20 million.

The presence of Muslims in Romania dates back to the mid-11 century. Ibn Battuta, the famous Berber traveller who pass through Romania in 1334, has written about the presence of Muslims in the region. Ada Kale, a small island in the Danube, was conquered by the Ottomans in the late 14th century. The first Muslim communities in Romania were formed in northern Dobrudja and along the lower Danube in the 14th century in the wake of the establishment of Ottoman rule. Dobrudja was part of the Ottoman Empire for five centuries. Following the Russian-Romanian-Ottoman War (1877), Romania became independent.   Read more

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Professor A. R. MOMIN

Tunisia: Discontents of the Jasmine Revolution

December 17, 2010 will be reckoned as a turning point in the history of the Arab region. On that day, Mohammed Bouaziz, a young educated Tunisian who eked out a living by selling fruits on a handcart, set himself on fire after being harassed and slapped by a municipal inspector who confiscated his handcart and fruits. He eventually died on January 4. The event triggered an unprecedented wave of protests and demonstrations across Tunisia. The police caned the rampaging mobs, used teargas shells to disperse them and even opened fire, killing at least 78 civilians. Following mass protests across the country, Tunisia’s long-time president, Zine El Abidine Ben Ali fled the country on 14 January 2011.   Read more



University of Qarawiyyin in Fez, Morocco: The World’s Oldest Surviving Centre of Islamic Learning

Minaret Research Network

Fez Medina, located in Morocco, is one of the best-preserved historical towns in the Arab world. Since the 9th century, Fez Medina has drawn scholars, students and intellectuals who came from distant lands to acquire Islamic knowledge.



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The boss who rescued 300 Syrian refugees

By David SilverbergBusiness reporter, Toronto

When Jim Estill saw the horrors of the Syrian civil war on television, he decided he would do something to help.

A successful Canadian businessman, he vowed to enable Syrian refugees to settle in Canada, simply because "it was the right thing to do".   Read more

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Which Generation Owns Kazakstan’s Future?

Half of Kazakhstan is under 29, which means young people are the future more than ever. But can they make their voices heard in a country where old-world values still rule?

Kazakh entrepreneur Zaure Rozmat still remembers the first time she hired a baby boomer. It was also her last. “In her eyes, everyone [in our office] was basically still kids,” Rozmat says. “When you hire an older person, they treat you as a young person: like you don’t know anything.”   Read more

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